TO THE RELEVANT ENTITIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS,
TO THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS,
UN SECURITY COUNCIL,
REGISTRY OF THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE IN THE HAGUE,
Peace guarantor countries in Tajikistan and contact group: KAZAKHSTAN, TURKMENISTAN, KYRGYZSTAN, UZBEKISTAN, PAKISTAN, RUSSIA, IRAN and AFGHANISTAN,
Ladies and Gentlemen!
With the deepest respect, we remind you that the Republic of Tajikistan has been a full member of the UN since 1992, including on the basis of the adoption of a number of initiatives of the Republic of Tajikistan, including the “Decade of Water for Life” or a proposal to stabilize the situation in Afghanistan.
Thus, the UN participated in the process of restoring peace in Tajikistan and for many years sent high-ranking diplomats and its representatives to Tajikistan to resolve the peace issue.
The Special Representatives of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Tajikistan in different years were Mr. Leviu Bota, Mr. Ismat Kittani, Mr. Ramiro Peris Ballon, Mr. Darko Shilovich, Mr. Ivo Petrov, Mr. Jan Kubis, Mr. — Mr. Gerd Dietrich Merrem, Mr. Vladimir Sotirov, as well as the heads of military observation missions Mr. Hasan Abbaza, Mr. Bolislav Izidorchik, Mr. Tengku Arifrina and Mr. John Wiedegard, whom the Tajik people still remember for their merits.
These people still in written works and in their scientific reports, as well as in international conferences and symposiums on the experience of peace, recall the experience of peace between the opposing citizens of Tajikistan in the person of Emomali Rahmon and Sayyid Abdullah Nuri.
A few years ago, Emomali Rahmon met with a number of representatives participating in the Tajik peace process, awarded them with orders and medals of the country. Among them was also the late Sayyid Abdullah Nuri, who was awarded the Order of Zarrintoj, first degree.
However, the purpose of our appeal is not just a reminder that the Republic of Tajikistan is a member of the UN. We are concerned about what happened and continues to happen between the authorities of the Republic of Tajikistan and the united opposition after the signing of the “Treaty on Peace and National Unity” in 1997 through the mediation of the United Nations and the countries indicated in this letter. Namely, the systematic suppression, discrediting and destruction of any opposition, freedom of speech and, as a result, the systematic trampling and violation of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen.
The course taken by the government of Tajikistan in the person of Emomali Rahmon, aimed at refusing to comply with the provisions and fundamental principles of the “Peace Agreement”, is becoming increasingly obvious, which resulted in the cynical signing of the treaty “on peace and national unity” under its resolution, as a result of which Emomali Rahmon proclaimed himself “the founder of peace and national unity.” As a result, it turns out that there was a war, at least two opposing sides, but the so-called “peace treaty” was signed by one person and with this “strong-willed decision” he stopped the bloodshed. Emomali Rahmon was indeed a party to the conflict, moreover, he was the leader of one of the parties. But now he openly declares that he wanted peace with the other side of the conflict, namely with the United Opposition, and he did not sign anything with the head of the IRPT, Said Abdullah Nuri. In this case, with whom Emomali Rahmon made peace remains a mystery. This could be laughed at if these actions did not have such tragic consequences for the development of Tajikistan.
The UN considered and implemented a number of proposals made by the government of Tajikistan, however, the Tajik authorities have never reacted to the proposals and demands made to Tajikistan by the UN.
A striking example of this is that a few years ago, the UN received a case about 13 high-ranking members of the IRPT, who were sentenced to long prison terms on trumped-up charges, disregarding all possible norms and principles of criminal and judicial proceedings. Having studied these and many other criminal cases, the UN came to the conclusion that they are not guilty and should be immediately released from places of detention, recognizing their right to rehabilitation. Unfortunately, the authorities of the Republic of Tajikistan simply ignore the UN requirement. The same result was after the UN considered the case against businessman Zayd Saidov and lawyer Buzurghmer Yorov.
The UN made great efforts to return refugees who were forced to leave the country during the civil war of 1992-1997, but unfortunately, thanks to the policies of the Rahmon regime, there is a huge outflow of citizens from the country, many times greater than the outflow during the war.
Outright poverty, fear of going to prison, persecution and torture for expressing their opinions encourage these people to leave their homeland. State terror reached such a level that the prisons were overcrowded. For example, only representatives of the family and relatives of Sayyid Abdullah Nuri about 10 people were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment from 8 to 23 years on fabricated cases.
Some family members, including the wife and children of S.A. Nuri, left Tajikistan and live in other countries as refugees. Nuri’s relatives who remained living in Tajikistan are prohibited by the Tajik authorities from working and even doing business. They are constantly subjected to pressure and harassment. Also, several years ago, the nephew of the late S.A. was arrested on suspicion of committing a crime. Nuri Nusratullo Saidov, he was charged with collaborating with ISIS, was arrested and sent to prison. He was later found not guilty. If a few years ago the authorities of the Republic of Tajikistan fabricated criminal cases against the relatives of Said Nuri “in connection with complicity with ISIS”, today they are accused of “receiving money from abroad”. Recall that in Tajikistan, almost 80% of families receive money from abroad, because millions of Tajiks are forced to work abroad and send money to their relatives from abroad due to a lack of jobs and widespread poverty. In February and March 2022 alone, three relatives of Sayid Abdullah Nuri were arrested and awaiting sentencing: Nasrullo Saidov, Mukhibullo Nuriddinov and Nurullo Saidov, who are accused of receiving money from abroad. However the pressure of the authorities does not stop there, but only intensifies. Thus, women from the family of Said Abdullah Nuri are also constantly brought to the police, with whom they spend many hours of interrogation. The persecution of the relatives of the deceased oppositionist intensified after the election of the son of Sayyid Abdullah Nuri, Muhammadjon Nuri, to the post of deputy chairman of the National Committee for the Rescue of Political Hostages and Prisoners of Tajikistan, who currently lives in France.
Also of concern is the unprecedented number of people recruited by the special services of the Republic of Tajikistan who are sent to Western countries in pursuit of refugees and critics of the Tajik regime. Basically, these are students on government quotas, who, under the pretext of celebrating Navruz, Flag Day, President’s Day, and so on, visit the embassies and consulates of the Republic of Tajikistan, passing on the received information about refugees. Thus, critics of the Rahmon regime living in Europe are being identified with the aim of blackmailing them, the subject of which is the relatives of refugees living in Tajikistan, where they are threatened with torture, humiliation and many years in prison.
In connection with the terrible events unfolding on the territory of Ukraine, which was subjected to aggression from Russia, a wave of refugees from Ukraine poured into Europe, among which there are many students from Tajikistan openly cooperating with the State Security Committee of Tajikistan, which many of them wrote on their Facebook pages.
With this letter, we want to bring to the UN, to the relevant UN committees, organizations and countries mentioned at the beginning of this letter, that the situation in Tajikistan has not lost its relevance due to recent events in the world, but rather remained on the agenda. The United Nations must carefully monitor the execution of each of its demands, proposals to the authorities of Tajikistan regarding violations of human rights and demand tougher, and in cases of need, bring the government of Tajikistan to justice. On the example of Russia, it became obvious that dictatorial regimes are never saturated with the lives and blood of the people and hope that they will adhere to generally recognized rules and norms if they do not call what they do by their proper names and do not give their actions a harsh assessment naively and even criminally.
In connection with the situation that has developed and is deteriorating day by day, we demand, with the intervention of the United Nations and the countries participating in the Peace Agreement between Tajiks, to create a commission to study the situation of prisoners and the reasons for their imprisonment. First of all, those whose innocence was confirmed by the United Nations in order to achieve the release of innocent people through the decisive intervention of countries and organizations of guarantors.